Document Type


Publication Date



Last year, approximately 45 million acres of American farmland were planted with crops that had been genetically engineered to either produce their own pesticides, or withstand herbicides. The long and short-term effects of this biotechnology on humans and the environment, are being studied, but remain unknown. Leading the way in the field of bioengineered crops is the Missouri-based Monsanto Company. Monsanto believes that current agricultural practices are inconsistent with sustainable development. The NewLeaf potato is one of three products Monsanto has created to feed the growing world population. The genetically engineered crop produces, in every cell of the plant, a pesticide that kills its most common predators. This paper offers a case study of the development, regulation, and commercialisation of Monsanto's bioengineered potato. It is an interdisciplinary approach that focuses on the economic, environmental, and the ethical facets of how the product was created, and how it has been brought to market. The paper will bring to light the inherent benefits, risks, and the standards of value used in assessing this contemporary implementation of biotechnology.


Proceedings 1999, 5th Interdisciplinary Conference on the Environment, June 23-25, Baltimore, USA, edited by Kevin L. Hickey & Demetri Kantarelis.





To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.