Numerous empirical investigations have attempted to study the relationship between multinationality and firm performance. Results from these studies have produced conflicting findings about this relationship. It is argued that one of the causes of the conflicting findings may be an imprecise conceptualization of multinationality. A multidimensional conceptualization is proposed based on a methodological review of previous research.
Annavarjula, M. & Beldona, S. (2000). Multinationality-performance relationship: A review and reconceptualization. International Journal of Organizational Analysis, suppl. Special Issue: Experiment in Developing Scholars, 8(1), 48-67.