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Book Chapter

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K-12 online learning is often used as an umbrella term to describe all instances of kindergarten through 12th grade students' learning by using the Internet. This chapter will explore the state of K-12 online learning in North America and around the world. From correspondence education to complete online schools that are found in some school districts today, K-12 online learning is continuing to grow at seemingly exponential rates. Policies in various districts and countries, along with the individual needs of students and goals for the education system, have often dictated--or at least influenced--this development. In this chapter, we explore these developments in the United States, Canada, Mexico, Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, South Korea, and Turkey.


Version posted is final author draft.

Barbour, M. K., & Kennedy, K. (2014). K–12 online learning: A worldwide perspective. In A. Hirumi (Ed.), Grounded designs for online and hybrid learning: Trends and technologies (pp. 53-74). Washington, DC: International Society for Technology in Education. ISBN 9781564843371



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