In the 19th century there was a transnational movement of educational ideas from Europe and the United States to Brazil. This paper discusses the Anglo-American perspective on the teaching of the natural sciences and its effect on science education in the Brazilian primary school. It begins by examining the ideas on the teaching of science by distinguished British and American scientists and the science curricula of schools in Europe and the Americas. The paper then focuses on the final quarter century and the 1878 reform of primary education of the Minister of the Empire Leôncio da Carvalho and the ideas of the great Brazilian parliamentarian and anglophile Rui Barbosa. A discussion follows of the translation and adoption in Brazil of Norman Calkin's Primary Object Lessons (1870) and the British textbooks series titled Science Primers (1880s and 1890s) as a response to the reform. Attached is a PowerPoint presentation.
Lorenz, K. M.; Vechia, A. (2018). Anglo-American Influence on the Teaching of the Natural Sciences in Primary Schools of 19th- Century Brazil. Paper presented at the 40th session of the International Standing Conference for the History of Education (ISCHE 40), 8/29/2018 – 9/1/2018, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
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