Oxidation of Benzoin to Benzil via Microwave Irradiation and Determination of the Factors that Effect the Yield by Using Factorial Design

Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)



First Advisor

Linda Farber, Ph.D.


Oxidation reactions of Benzoin to Benzil by chromium trioxide resin in methylene chloride solvent were studied. The reactions were run under microwave irradiation conditions by using different temperatures, times and wattages in the same amount of resin which was 0.65g. The overall of microwave conditions which were run was 48 conditions (doubles) which give the total of 96 experiments. The best microwave conditions of all these experiments were 120 °C and 12 minutes at 1200 Watts which have obtained the highest yield of Benzil. According to the present research, the temperature and the time were the factors that most effected the yield and wattage had a lesser effect on the yield.


Master's thesis submitted to the faculty of Sacred Heart University's Chemistry Program in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Chemistry.