Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT; Lent, Brown, and Hackett 1994, 1996) proposes that career interests, goals, and choices are related to self-efficacy beliefs and outcome expectations. It suggests that people’s self-efficacy beliefs and outcome expectations with regard to self-employment would predict their goals to become self-employed. This study explores the ability of SCCT to predict goals for self-employment in a sample of 115 undergraduate business students. Results indicated that students with higher entrepreneurial self-efficacy and higher self-employment outcome expectations had higher intentions to become self-employed. These findings imply that educators and policy-makers may boost student entrepreneurial intentions by (1) enhancing students’ confidence to succeed in an entrepreneurial career and (2) enhancing students’ expectations of strong positive outcomes resulting from an entrepreneurial career.
Segal, Gerald; Borgia, Dan; and Schoenfeld, Jerry
"Using Social Cognitive Career Theory to Predict Self-Employment Goals,"
New England Journal of Entrepreneurship:
2, Article 8.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.sacredheart.edu/neje/vol5/iss2/8